Thursday, July 22, 2010

Ergonomics (Product description and Idea Trigger) [My design]

This is the cork screw. The rectangle on the bottom right is the cap to cover the sharp end. The handle is now changed to a rubber texture and made thicker. So that it gives the user a firmer grip when opening the bottle. Around the gears there, now it is coated with a rubber coating so that the user can hold it for support when turning the screw into the cork. It is as when screwing it in, the gears will move. And if there is no coating, it will pinch the user's fingers and may hurt the user badly. For the middle, now there is a plastic cover to cover it so that when turning, wont hurt the fingers etc. On the metal parts at the end, can just making thicker and carve some lines on top to make it easier to either push or pull. We make the opening longer so as to cover the sharp part of the screw. We can also put a stopper at the end as the handles are too easy to move around. So might move it around when not needed. That's why with the stopper, the user just have to unlock it to be able to use. It is more safe.

Ergonomics (Product description and Idea Trigger)

[Figure 1.1 - the top part of the cork screwer]
[Figure 1.2 - the whole product]

2i) Describe the product (Appearance, Colour, Function, etc)

This is a cork screwer and it is used to loosen corks of the beer bottle to open them. It is made of steel and plastic, the steel is silver and the plastic is a lighter shade of hot pink. It is very light and has sharp edges. The pink part is translucent so that can see a bit of how the things work within. [refer to figure 1.2]

2ii) What are the design considerations when designing this product?

When designing this product, they made sure that it is light and easy to use. They thought of that the cork poking out is only a small portion so it'll be hard to have a good grip over it and pull it out.

2iii) Would an elderly faced difficulty using this product? If yes, what are the difficulties that the elderly would face?

Yes. Even though it is light, portable & easy to use, but there will still be flaws. The product is too exposed, the sharp edges are exposed wide out, so it is easy for the elderly to hurt themselves. the metal part is also too thin, it is hard to get a good grip over it. Plus thin metal hurts more than the thick metal or other material. [refer to figure 1.1]

2iv) What do you think can be done to improve on the design of the product to suit the elderly? [Sketch the improved design in your sketchbook (now just the paper provided) and take a picture of it. Post the improved sketch at the end of your post.]

I think that it can be improved by making the metal handle bigger and wider, plus adding a rubber grip to it. Have hard plastic container-like material to warp around the metal parts and makes it harder to hurt themselves. the spiral just keep it in a container and only comes out when it is turned.

[The sketch will be in another post to make it easier]

Monday, July 12, 2010

Ergonomics II

1. What is Ergonomics?
It is the study of people's efficiency in their working environment.

2. What are the 5 aspects of Ergonomics?
They are: Safety, comfort, ease of use, productivity/performance and aesthetics.

3. For each aspects of Ergonomics, explain with an example of a product that is designed for the elderly, how the product meet that particular aspect of Ergonomics.
Safety: they have railings at the side of the walkway for the elderly to support themselves, preventing the risk of them falling down.
Comfort: Adjustable beds makes it easier for the elderly who is bed-bound. They can then lift up the bed without even getting the elderly to sit up and adjust all the pillows and such.
Ease of use: They have wheelchairs for them to move more easily around the area.
Productivity/performance: The walking stick enables them to move around even though they do not have much strength in their legs.
Aesthetics: Make sure most of the things look the same. For example, if the pens are being shared around (a public pen), then make sure all of them look the same, so that the elderly will not mistaken someone else's pen as the public pen and take it home or something.

Sunday, July 11, 2010

Ergonomics I - Group Summary

Consolidated points:

State your observations


  • Chair not adjustable to lean back (discomfort)
  • Computer too far away (strain eyes)
  • Lighting too bright & Conducts heat from the bulb easily (lamp cannot be moved or adjusted)
  • Too much things on the table (untidy)
  • Cannot move around or rest comfortably
  • Angle of view from the laptop is too low (strains his neck, need to find something extra to suit his comfort)
  • Things on the table are left untidily (occupies unneeded space and cannot find the things that he needs)
  • Cramp seat (harder to move around on the seat)
  • Puts the keyboard on the table (takes up unnecessary space)
  • Armrests are high, which does not provide the use of an armrest.


  • Chair goes along with the person when he leans back or goes in front (saving the hassle and comfort)
  • Chair adjustable to height and depth.
  • Chair is easy to move forward and lift it higher (suitable for the eye view)
  • Lamp is adjustable and has a small platform (easier to move towards a suitable place)
  • Not too bright (does not generate as much heat and based on the video, probably does not generate heat on the outer layer of the whole lamp)
  • Little things on the table (neat and can relax comfortably)
  • Special laptop holder to adjust height of the laptop holder and can connect a keyboard to type)
  • There is an “Access Rail” where many things can be kept on that rail (neat and tidy)
  • Wide seat (easier to move around in the seat)
  • Has a sliding platform below the table to put the keyboard (saves space on the table)
  • Armrests are adjustable (fulfill its uses and makes it more convenient)

Work place preferred and why:

Teoh Yun:

The man on the right has a neat, comforting and more space environment compared to the man on the left which has a messy table and an uncomfortable chair.


Workplace 2 is much better than workplace 1. Some considerations are the body, whether it has a 90 degrees angle of the knees, wrists and back straight when typing and no neck strain. It is better to have a learning environment to work or study.


The second workplace is definitely better. The reasons are that they provide much better desk instruments that provide comfort and easy working. It gives a very good workflow that improves productivity of any staff using that work desk. e.g the chair has adjustable armrests so when you need to take a sip of drink from your mug, it can be lifted up and the best part is that you can lean down.

Su En:

The 2nd workplace is better as the chair can lean backwards, there is enough space on the chair, the armrests can be adjusted makes it very comfortable compared to the 1st workplace’s lousy chair. The 1st workplace’s armrests are too high and is unable to adjust the height well. plus the seat is camp and he can barely do his work well. Plus the lightings at the 2nd’s work place are too bright and are pointing in the wrong direction making it hard to work well and at the 2nd work place, the direction of the light and computer can be adjusted in terms of height and distance while the 1st workplace cant.

Considerations that should be taken:

  • Take note of the item’s function
  • The user’s comfort
  • Feasible to use at a certain place
  • 90 degrees angle of the knees, wrists and back straight when typing
  • No neck strain
  • Comfort and Simplicity
  • Incorrect Height and Depth
  • Task Lighting
  • Freedom of Movement
  • Prolonged Laptop use
  • easy to use
  • Durable
  • More convenient

Why is Ergonomics important when designing:

Su En:

Compare various workplaces and find out the differences and how it benefits the user and how it creates some inconvenience to them. This way you can design your product to be better and create the selling points to the companies.


It is important to have a better learning environment to work or study.

Teoh Yun:

The efficiency of the worker also depends on the comfort of the workplace.


It is important because the Ergonomics of a product can determine the safety of a person because a person can get injured if proper ergonomics are not in place in the office etc. it can also provide a proper posture for whoever is using the product.

Ergonomics I

1. Compare the 2 different workplaces, state your observations.

Let's give them each a name first, so it is easier to identify them. Let's take the guy on the right Dan and the guy on the Danny. Dan's work place is neat and tidy, with his things properly arranged, the keyboard put on a sliding platform underneath his table and have various gadgets that makes his life easier for him. While in Danny's work place, his keyboard is on the table and he has a cramp seat, making it harder to work and increases his discomfort.

2. Which workplace is preferred? State with reasons why one workplace is preferred over the other.

I prefer Dan's work place. The chair can lean backwards, there is enough space on the chair, the arm rests can be adjusted makes it very comfortable compared to Danny's lousy chair. Danny's chair's arm rests are too high, and it is unable to adjust the height. Plus the seat is very cramp, he can barely do his work well. Plus the lightings at Danny's work place are too bright and are pointing in the wrong direction, making it hard to work well and Dan's work place there, you can adjust the direction of the light and the computer can be adjusted in terms of height and distance while Danny's work place's computer cant.

3. What are the considerations that should be taken into account when designing a workplace that is suitable for the user?

Make sure that it is comfortable, either reduce or add some various features, and remember to make it easy to use, durable, or makes the life easier by making it more convenient to use.

4. Why do you think that Ergonomics is important when designing?

You can compare the various work places and find out the differences and how does it benefits the user and how it creates some inconvenience to them. This way, you can design your product to be better and create the selling points to the companies.

Saturday, June 26, 2010

My room for the elderly

This is the overview of the room. It is a bed room. I tried to keep the colours soothing to the elderly.
This is the table and chair for the elderly if he/she wants to write somethings (like 4D, Toto etc). The lighting there has translucent material for the light to shine pass. Within those are actually light sticks and there will be a switch to determine its level of brightness. The chair is unique in the sense that it will first be quite short, so that the elderly can sit on it properly. Then if the elderly wants the chair to go higher, he/she can just pull the lever at the other side and the side will rise up. It is 4 legged as normally the elderly don't like chairs with wheels. And if there are wheels, it'll be more dangerous. When they want to lower the chair down, they just have to pull another lever and it will go down.
This is the bed designed specially for the elderly. There is a compartment to put slippers (if the elderly wears them) before the elderly goes to sleep. There are more compartments to put her things there. The rails at the side are to prevent the elderly from falling down while sleeping accidentally. They can be easily pushed down when the elderly wakes up.

This is the Cupboard for the Elderly to keep his/her stuff inside. It has four compartments, but many openings. This makes it easier for the Elderly to search through his/her things, if he/she forgot where she put her things.

Elderly Challenge - Observation 4

The elderly need to move around more. But when they move around they wont find anything interesting and such. So in my family, we try to bring my grandmother around more, to temples, to parks, to visit relatives etc. My cousin, age 14, comes to my house every weekend for her tuition with my brother as well to keep my grandmother accompany. Since young, my grandmother was the one who took care of her, so the bond was deeper. We kept my grandmother entertained like that. But during the weekdays, almost everyone is not at home then she'll start to get bored. But during the weekends, we try to compensate her. I personally encourage families to bring their grandparents out. Even to NTUC, Sheng Shiong etc, it means quite a lot to them. Even to temple and stuff, just sitting down and spending time with them is also good.

Elderly Challenge - Observation 3

There should be parks etc near the house and stuff like these so that they have places to meet around. Void decks with tables, parks etc. I think that the Government should encourage Mahjong within the Community Clubs, but they will play without money, and maybe have other stuff instead. Like maybe will play for leisure but once in a while have a competition. It will help to exercise their minds and let them pass time, meet new friends etc. The Government should also encourage gardening. They can have pots of flowers, vegetables etc around the house.

Elderly Challenge - Observation 2

The floors of the toilet are wet after a bathe etc, then when the elderly enter the bathroom, it is very easy for them to trip and fall. When they fall, they might suffer serious injuries. So, to prevent things like that, we can either have handles around the bathroom making it easier for them, or else have a floor mat in the toilet also. Having a floor mat in the toilet makes it better in a way that the handle might not be able to withstand the weight if they trip or they wont get their feet way and leave foot prints all over the floor when they leave the bathroom.

Elderly Challenge - Observation 1

The elderly are cooped up at home and have nothing to do, but yet they are not willing to go to the community centers to take part in some of the activities and stay at home. But yet they are very bored and start to try to do some things like see what the others are doing, and making sure that I do my homework and things like that. They are really bored but have nothing to do. Is there a way to make sure that all types of the elderly (don't like to go out, likes sewing etc) can take part in at least one activity that can keep them occupied? Like for my grandmother, she like sewing using the old type of sewing machine, but there are hardly classes teaching them how to sew beautiful patterns on the blankets and bags and stuff. And even if there is, after they sew they have no where to bring it to, and it ends up at home. When there are getting more and more and we can find no one to give it away, it becomes a burden. They should have a course in the Community Club for the elderly to give all the stuff that they can make etc then they can help to give it to the needy etc.

ADMT Holiday Hmwrk Part 1

  • Explain in your own words, the FOUR key recommendations of the report.
- Housing for Seniors
The Government should try to support the idea of developing retirement housing, helping to let them buy a bigger land at a lower cost. It shall be made to cater to their needs, and make a more elderly friendly environment

-Accessibility for Seniors
The Town Councils should make all HDB flats barrier-free so that it is easier for people to move about, especially the elderly.
The LTA can also try to make the steps of the buses lower so that it is easier for the elderly to step on to and also make sure that it is easily accessible for those elderly with walking difficulties.

-Caring for Seniors
The Government should contribute by giving the elderly some money to make sure that they are at least able to cater to their medical needs. They should encourage the hospitals etc to link up with the ICS and give Community-based support Services. So that the elderly will feel more love and care towards them.

-Opportunities for Seniors
The Government should try to ensure that the family bonds with the elderly still stay strong and the family will be a pillar for the elderly when they are in need of assistance.
They should also try to have more public spots within the blocks and nearby parks etc for the elderly to meet up and talk, but they have to be convenient enough for the elderly to move about.
  • State ONE way that the CAI report is recommending to make our public housing more elderly-friendly.
BCA should promote universal designs to encourage architects and designers to build an environment that caters to all including the elderly, and create a barrier-free environment so that the elderly can travel about with minimal obstacles.
  • State TWO ways on how we can ensure that the quality of the elderly care here in Singapore is affordable.
Have some discount if the elderly comes with the family to pay for the goods so that the family will bring the elderly out to walk around more often. We can also have free monthly checkups and the Government should give a day off on that day so that they can accompany their mothers/fathers to the checkups, or else they might not even want to go.
  • After reading the CAI report, what are the three things that you, as a SST student, to help overcome these elderly challenges.
I can help by volunteering to take care of the elderly in the old folks' home, help the elderly whenever they have difficulties in certain areas which I could help and also help to organise activities to bring the elderly out of their house to explore Singapore all over again.

Tuesday, March 23, 2010

LEAP Week - NEWater Visit

1. What are the 3 key takeaways from today’s visit?

a) How NEWater is made.
b) Why should we conserve water
c) How do we use NEWater

2. Name 2 concepts that you have learnt today during the visit.

a) I've learnt that the 4 mains sources of water are: local catchment water, imported water, desalinated water and NEWater
b) I learnt the approximated percentage of water we are receiving from each source. NEWater (now) -> 15%, Local Catchment water -> 10% Desalinated water -> 10% and imported water -> remaining = 75%
Note: unknown source, and may be inaccurate.

3. What is the 1 interesting thing that you have learnt today?

a) That NEWater can only be for sample and not for daily consumed water.

4. What are the things that you can do to help with water conservation in Singapore?

a) I can value, conserve and enjoy water.

Saturday, March 13, 2010

Personal Reflection (8th Mar 2010)

1. What are the 3 key takeaways from today’s lesson?

(a) I learnt that the customers' point is very important, we ourselves think it is good is not enough. We need advice from customers and should not neglect their point.

(b) The design needs to be creative and new so that it will spark the interest in other people

(c) We can explore other products and find out their good points and try to combine them into one good design.

2. Name 2 concepts that you have learnt today pertaining to design and describe why is it important in design?

(a) We need to design not only the appearance but how it works, like the tubes inside etc to give the constructor/producer a clearer mind in what to do.

(b) Need to look at safety precautions at all times. To design a thing, you have to ALWAYS consider safety. Safety always comes first before quality.

3. What is the 1 interesting thing that you have learnt today?

I have learnt that designing things are never easy as it is not that you just thought of it and draw. You still need to make a lot of precautions. Need to make market research, etc.

Monday, February 8, 2010

Photography (people)

This is our official: Musketeers Mathemagic:



1 Musketeer


0 Musketeer

thank you for viewing! This is one of the productions by the 4Musketeers TM =)

Friday, January 15, 2010


The sketching might look a bit light. It is about someone called Jane got into an accident and without media nor technology, other people may get to know the news in a much later timing.

Monday, January 11, 2010

ADMT Lesson 1: Personal Reflection

What does ADMT means to you?

ADMT means learning how it benefits us and trying to benefit others.

What are the attitude that an ADMT student should have?

An ADMT student should aspires to design more things, advancing the technology to benefit people from all ages and from all around the world.

What are you aspiration as an ADMT student?

I hope to create something to benefit everyone and change the lifestyle of living things to a better one.

How do you think you can achieve your aspiration?

I think I can achieve it by studying hard and start training to be an ADMT professional (if i want to be one... not sure yet :X)