Let's give them each a name first, so it is easier to identify them. Let's take the guy on the right Dan and the guy on the Danny. Dan's work place is neat and tidy, with his things properly arranged, the keyboard put on a sliding platform underneath his table and have various gadgets that makes his life easier for him. While in Danny's work place, his keyboard is on the table and he has a cramp seat, making it harder to work and increases his discomfort.
2. Which workplace is preferred? State with reasons why one workplace is preferred over the other.
I prefer Dan's work place. The chair can lean backwards, there is enough space on the chair, the arm rests can be adjusted makes it very comfortable compared to Danny's lousy chair. Danny's chair's arm rests are too high, and it is unable to adjust the height. Plus the seat is very cramp, he can barely do his work well. Plus the lightings at Danny's work place are too bright and are pointing in the wrong direction, making it hard to work well and Dan's work place there, you can adjust the direction of the light and the computer can be adjusted in terms of height and distance while Danny's work place's computer cant.
3. What are the considerations that should be taken into account when designing a workplace that is suitable for the user?
Make sure that it is comfortable, either reduce or add some various features, and remember to make it easy to use, durable, or makes the life easier by making it more convenient to use.
4. Why do you think that Ergonomics is important when designing?
You can compare the various work places and find out the differences and how does it benefits the user and how it creates some inconvenience to them. This way, you can design your product to be better and create the selling points to the companies.